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习近平文艺工作座谈会全文首次公开发表

作者:  来源:新华网  发布日期:2015-10-15 浏览次数: 

[zhaiyao]jintian,womenbilishishangrenheshiqidougengjiejinzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemubiao,bilishishangrenheshiqidougengyouxinxin、younenglishixianzheigemubiao。ershixianzheigemubiao,bixugaoduzhongshihechongfenfahuiwenyihewenyigongzuozhedezhongyaozuoyong。 

    xinhuawangbeijing10yue14rixiaoxi,2014nian10yue15ri,xijinpingzongshujizhuchizhaokaiwenyigongzuozuotanhuibingzuozhongyaojianghua。jinri,zheipianzhongyaojianghuagongkaifabiao。 

    xijinpingzaijianghuazhongshenkechanshulewenyihewenyigongzuodediweizuoyonghezhongdashiming,chuangzaoxingdihuidaleshiguanwenyifanrongfazhandeyixiliedaiyougenbenxing、fangxiangxingdezhongdawenti,duizaixindelishitiaojianxiazuohaowenyigongzuozuochulequanmianbushu。

    xijinpingzaijianghuazhongzhichu,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingxuyaozhonghuawenhuafanrongxingsheng,zhongguojingshenshishehuizhuyiwenyidelinghun,yaochuangzuowukuiyushidaideyouxiuzuopin,jianchiyirenminweizhongxindechuangzuodaoxiang,jiaqianghegaijindangduiwenyigongzuodelingdao。

    zheipianzhongyaojianghuaduifanrongfazhanshehuizhuyiwenyi,jiansheshehuizhuyiwenhuaqiangguojuyouzhongyaozhidaoyiyi,jianghuagongkaifabiaoweiguangdadangyuan、ganbuhewenyigongzuozheshenruxuexiguanchetigonglejibenwenxian。

 

fu:xijinpingzaiwenyigongzuozuotanhuishangdejianghuaquanwen

    (2014nian10yue15ri)

 

习近平

   jintian,zheiliqunyinghuicui、shaozhangxianji,jiyoudegaowangzhongdelaozuojia、laoyishujia,yeyouzhanlutoujiaodewenyixinxiu,youxietongzhiguoqujiuhenshuxi,youxieshichucijianmian。jiandaodajiahengaoxing。

  wenyishiyeshidangherenmindezhongyaoshiye,wenyizhanxianshidangherenmindezhongyaozhanxian。zhangqiyilai,guangdawenyigongzuozhezhiliyuwenyichuangzuo、biaoyan、yanjiu、chuanbo,zaigezilingyuxinqingengyun、fuwurenmin,qudelexianzhuchengji,zuochulezhongyaogongxian。zaidajiagongtongnulixia,woguowenyiyuandibaihuajingfang、shuoguoleilei,chengxianchufanrongfazhandeshengdongjingxiang。jiecijihui,woxiangdajiabiaoshizhongxindeganxie,xiangquanguowenyigongzuozhezhiyichengzhidewenhou!

   jintianzhaokaizheigezuotanhui,wozaoyoukaolv,zhidaoxianzaicaiyoujihui,zhuyaoshixiangtingtingdajiadeyijianhejianyi,tongdajiayiqifenxixianzhuang、jiaoliusixiang,gongshangwoguowenyifanrongfazhandaji。gangcai,jiweitongzhidefayandouhenhao,yousixiang,youjiandi,tinglehenshouqifa。xiamian,wojiang5gewenti,tongdajiayiqitaolun。

   第一个问题:实现中华民族伟大复兴需要中华文化繁荣兴盛

   weishenmeyaogaoduzhongshiwenyihewenyigongzuo?zheigewenti,shouxianyaofangzaiwoguoheshijiefazhandashizhonglaishenshi。woshuoguo,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing,shijindaiyilaizhongguorenminzuiweidademengxiang。jintian,womenbilishishangrenheshiqidougengjiejinzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemubiao,bilishishangrenheshiqidougengyouxinxin、younenglishixianzheigemubiao。ershixianzheigemubiao,bixugaoduzhongshihechongfenfahuiwenyihewenyigongzuozhedezhongyaozuoyong。

   wenhuashiminzushengcunhefazhandezhongyaoliliang。renleishehuimeiyiciyuejin,renleiwenmingmeiyicishenghua,wububansuizhewenhuadelishixingjinbu。zhonghuaminzuyouzhe5000duoniandewenmingshi,jindaiyiqianzhongguoyizhishishijieqiangguozhiyi。zaijiqianniandelishiliubianzhong,zhonghuaminzuconglaibushiyifanfengshunde,yudaolewushujiannankunku,danwomendoutingguolai、zouguolaile,qizhongyigehenzhongyaodeyuanyinjiushishishidaidaidezhonghuaernvpeiyuhefazhanledujutese、bodajingshendezhonghuawenhua,weizhonghuaminzukefukunnan、shengshengbuxitigongleqiangdajingshenzhicheng。

    deguozhexuejiayasibeiersizai《lishideqiyuanyumubiao》yishuzhongxiedao,gongyuanqian800nianzhigongyuanqian200nianshirenleiwenmingde“zhouxinshidai”,shirenleiwenmingjingshendezhongdatuposhiqi,dangshigudaixila、gudaizhongguo、gudaiyindudengwenmingdouchanshengleweidadesixiangjia,tamentichudesixiangyuanzesuzaolebutongwenhuachuantong,bingyizhiyingxiangzherenleishenghuo。zheiduanhuajiangdehenshenke,henyoudongchali。guwangjinlai,zhonghuaminzuzhisuoyizaishijieyoudiwei、youyingxiang,bushikaoqiongbingduwu,bushikaoduiwaikuozhang,ershikaozhonghuawenhuadeqiangdaganzhaolihexiyinli。womendexianrenzaojiurenshidao“yuanrenbufu,zexiuwendeyilaizhi”dedaoli。chanshizhonghuaminzubingfu、zhonghuaminzutedian、zhonghuaminzujingshen,yidefuren、yiwenhuarenshiqizhonghenzhongyaodeyigefangmian。

   lishihexianshidoubiaoming,renleiwenmingshiyoushijiegeguogeminzugongtongchuangzaode。wochufangsuodaozhichu,zuitaozuideshigeguogeminzurenminchuangzaodewenmingchengguo。shijiewenmingguibaobibijieshi,zheiliwojujigeguojia、jigeminzudelizi。guxilachanshengleduirenleiwenmingyingxiangshenyuandeshenhua、yuyan、diaosu、jianzhuyishu,aisikuluosi、suofukelesi、oulibidesi、alisituofendebeijuhexijushixilayishudejingdianzhizuo。eluosiyoupuxijin、guogeli、laimengtuofu、tugeniefu、tuosituoyefusiji、niekelasuofu、cheernixuefusiji、tuoersitai、qihefu、gaoerji、xiaoluohuofu、chaikefusiji、limusiji-kesakefu、lahemaninuofu、liebindengdashi。faguoyoulabolei、lafengdan、moliai、sitangda、baerzhake、yuguo、dazhongma、xiaozhongma、mobosang、luoman·luolan、sate、jiamou、mile、manai、dejia、saishang、monai、luodan、boliaozi、bicai、debiaoxidengdashi。yingguoyouqiaosou、mierdun、bailun、xuelai、jici、digengsi、hadai、xiaobona、tounadengdashi。deguoyoulaixin、gede、xile、hainie、bahe、beiduofen、shuman、wagena、bolamusidengdashi。meiguoyouhuosang、langfeiluo、situofuren、huiteman、make·tuwen、delaisai、jieke·lundun、haimingweidengdashi。wozuijinfangwenleyindu,yindurenminyeshijuyoufeifanwenyichuangzaohuolide,dayuegongyuanqian1000nianqianhoujiuxingchengle《lijufeituo》、《adapofeituo》、《suomofeituo》、《yeroufeituo》sizhongbenji,faxian、xuanzhuangqujingshi,yindudeshige、wudao、huihua、zongjiaojianzhuhediaosujiudadaolehengaodeshuiping,taigeergengshichanshengleshijiexingdeyingxiang。woguojiugengduole,conglaozi、kongzi、zhuangzi、mengzi、quyuan、wangxizhi、libai、dufu、sushi、xinqiji、guanhanqing、caoxueqin,dao“luguomaobalaocao”(luxun、guomoruo、maodun、bajin、laoshe、caoyu),daonieer、xianxinghai、meilanfang、qibaishi、xubeihong,congshijing、chucidaohanfu、tangshi、songci、yuanquyijimingqingxiaoshuo,cong《gesaerwangchuan》、《manasi》dao《jianggeer》shishi,congwusishiqixinwenhuayundong、xinzhongguochenglidaogaigekaifangdejintian,chanshenglecanruoxingchendewenyidashi,liuxialehaoruyanhaidewenyijingpin,bujinweizhonghuaminzutigonglefenghouziyang,erqieweishijiewenminggongxianlehuacaipianzhang。

   lishihexianshidouzhengming,zhonghuaminzuyouzheqiangdadewenhuachuangzaoli。meidaozhongdalishiguantou,wenhuadounengganguoyunzhibianhua、lishidaizhichaotou、fashidaizhixiansheng,weiyiwanrenmin、weiweidazuguoguyuhu。zhonghuawenhuajijianshoubengenyoubuduanyushijujin,shizhonghuaminzubaochilejiandingdeminzuzixinheqiangdadexiufunengli,peiyulegongtongdeqingganhejiazhi、gongtongdelixianghejingshen。

meiyouzhonghuawenhuafanrongxingsheng,jiumeiyouzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing。yigeminzudefuxingxuyaoqiangdadewuzhililiang,yexuyaoqiangdadejingshenliliang。meiyouxianjinwenhuadejijiyinling,meiyourenminjingshenshijiedejidafengfu,meiyouminzujingshenliliangdebuduanzengqiang,yigeguojia、yigeminzubukenengyiliyushijieminzuzhilin。

    wenyishishidaiqianjindehaojiao,zuinengdaibiaoyigeshidaidefengmao,zuinengyinlingyigeshidaidefengqi。“wenbianranhushiqing,xingfeixihushixu。”zaiouzhouwenyifuxingyundongzhong,danding、bitelake、bojiaqiu、da·fenqi、lafeier、mikailangqiluo、mengtian、saiwantisi、shashibiyadengwenyijuren,fachulexinshidaidetisheng,kaiqilerenmendexinling。zaitandaowenyifuxingyundongshi,engesishuo,zhei“shiyigexuyaojurenerqiechanshenglejuren——zaisiweinengli、reqinghexinggefangmian,zaiduocaiduoyihexueshiyuanbofangmiandejurendeshidai”。zaiwoguofazhanshishang,baokuowenyizaineidewenhuafazhantongyangyuzhonghuaminzufazhanjinjinlianxizaiyiqi。xianqinshiqi,woguochuxianlebaijiazhengmingdexingshengjumian,kaichuanglewoguogudaiwenhuadeyigedingshengqi。20shijichu,zaiwusixinwenhuayundongzhong,faduanyuwenyilingyudechuangxinfengchaoduishehuibiangechanshenglezhongdayingxiang,chengweiquanminzusixiangjiefangyundongdezhongyaoyinqing。

   xianzai,quandangquanguogezurenminzhenganzhaodangdeshibadaquelidefendoumubiaohedangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuitichudegaigerenwu,yibuyibubazhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyexiangqiantuijin。shixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengshizhangqierjianjudeweidashiye。weidashiyexuyaoweidajingshen。shixianzheigeweidashiye,wenyidezuoyongbuketidai,wenyigongzuozhedayoukewei。guangdawenyigongzuozheyaocongzheiyangdegaodurenshiwenyidediweihezuoyong,renshizijisuodanfudelishishiminghezeren。

luxunxianshengshuo,yaogaizaoguorendejingshenshijie,shoutuiwenyi。jujingshenzhiqi、lijingshenzhizhu、jianjingshenjiayuan,doulibukaiwenyi。danggaoloudashazaiwoguodadishangbiandilinlishi,zhonghuaminzujingshendedashayeyinggaiweiransongli。woguozuojiayishujiayinggaichengweishidaifengqidexianjuezhe、xianxingzhe、xianchangzhe,tongguogengduoyoujingu、youdaode、youwendudewenyizuopin,shuxiehejilurenmindeweidashijian、shidaidejinbuyaoqiu,zhangxianxinyangzhimei、chonggaozhimei,hongyangzhongguojingshen、ningjuzhongguoliliang,guwuquanguogezurenminchaoqipengbomaixiangweilai。

   第二个问题:创作无愧于时代的优秀作品

   “wenzhangheweishierzhu,geshiheweishierzuo。”hengliangyigeshidaidewenyichengjiuzuizhongyaokanzuopin。tuidongwenyifanrongfazhan,zuigenbendeshiyaochuangzuoshengchanchuwukuiyuwomenzheigeweidaminzu、weidashidaideyouxiuzuopin。meiyouyouxiuzuopin,qitashiqinggaodezairenao、zaihuashao,neiyezhishibiaomianwenzhang,shibunengzhenzhengshenrurenminjingshenshijiede,shibunengchujirendelinghun、yinqirenminsixianggongmingde。wenyigongzuozheyinggailaoji,chuangzuoshizijidezhongxinrenwu,zuopinshizijidelishenzhiben,yaojingxiaxinlai、jingyiqiujinggaochuangzuo,bazuihaodejingshenshiliangfengxianjirenmin。

    youxiuwenyizuopinfanyingzheyigeguojia、yigeminzudewenhuachuangzaonengliheshuiping。xiyin、yindao、qidirenmenbixuyouhaodezuopin,tuidongzhonghuawenhuazouchuquyebixuyouhaodezuopin。suoyi,womenbixubachuangzuoshengchanyouxiuzuopinzuoweiwenyigongzuodezhongxinhuanjie,nulichuangzuoshengchangengduochuanbodangdaizhongguojiazhiguannian、tixianzhonghuawenhuajingshen、fanyingzhongguorenshenmeizhuiqiu,sixiangxing、yishuxing、guanshangxingyoujitongyideyouxiuzuopin,xingcheng“longwenbaihuding,bilikedukang”zhishi。youxiuzuopinbingbujuyuyige、buxingyuyitai、budingyuyizun,jiyaoyouyangchunbaixue、yeyaoyouxialibaren,jiyaodingtianlidi、yeyaoputiangaidi。zhiyaoyouzhengnengliang、youganranli,nenggouwenrunxinling、qidixinzhi,chuandekai、liudexia,weirenminqunzhongsuoxiai,zheijiushiyouxiuzuopin。

    wenyishenshenrongrurenminshenghuo,shiyeheshenghuo、shunjinghenijing、mengxiangheqiwang、aihehen、cunzaihesiwang,renleishenghuodeyiqiefangmian,doukeyizaiwenyizuopinzhongzhaodaoqidi。wenyiduinianqingrenxiyinlizuida,yingxiangyezuida。wonianqingshidulebushaowenxuezuopin,shelieledangshinengzhaodaodegezhongshuji,bujinqizhongxuduojingcaizhangjie、juanyongwenzizhijinjiyiyouxin,erqiecongzhongwuchulebushaoshenghuozhendi。wenyiyeshibutongguojiaheminzuxianghulejiehegoutongdezuihaofangshi。qunian3yue,wofangweneluosi,zaitongeluosihanxuejiazuotanshijiushuodao,woduguohenduoeluosizuojiadezuopin,runianqingshidulecheernixuefusijide《zenmeban?》hou,zaiwoxinzhongyinqilehendadezhendong。jinnian3yuefangwenfaguoqijian,wotanlefaguowenyiduiwodeyingxiang,yinweiwomendanglaoyidailingdaorenzhonghenduodaofaguoqiuguoxue,suoyiwonianqingshiduifaguowenyibaoyounonghouxingqu。zaideguo,wojianglezijidu《fushide》degushi。neishihou,wozaishanbeinongcunchadui,tingshuoyigezhiqingyou《fushide》zheibenshu,jiuzoule30liluqujiezheibenshu,houlaitayouzoule30lilulaiquhuizheibenshu。woweishenmeyaoduiwaiguorenjiangzheixie?jiushiyinweiwenyishishijieyuyan,tanwenyi,qishijiushitanshehui、tanrensheng,zuirongyixianghulijie、goutongxinling。

    gaigekaifangyilai,woguowenyichuangzuoyinglailexindechuntian,chanshengledaliangkuaizhirenkoudeyouxiuzuopin。tongshi,yebunengfouren,zaiwenyichuangzuofangmian,yecunzaizheyoushuliangquezhiliang、you“gaoyuan”que“gaofeng”dexianxiang,cunzaizhechaoximofang、qianpianyilvdewenti,cunzaizhejixiehuashengchan、kuaicanshixiaofeidewenti。zaiyouxiezuopinzhong,youdediaokanchonggao、niuqujingdian、dianfulishi,chouhuarenminqunzhongheyingxiongrenwu;youdeshifeibufen、shanebubian、yichouweimei,guoduxuanranshehuiyinanmian;youdesouqilieyan、yiweimeisu、dijiquwei,bazuopindangzuozhuizhuliyide“yaoqianshu”,dangzuoganguancijide“yaotouwan”;youdehubianluanxie、cuzhilanzao、qianqiangfuhui,zhizaoleyixiewenhua“laji”;youdezhuiqiushehua、guodubaozhuang、xuanfubaikuo,xingshidayuneirong;haiyouderezhongyusuowei“weiyishueryishu”,zhixieyijibeihuan、beishuifengbo,tuolidazhong、tuolixianshi。fancizhongzhongdoujingshiwomen,wenyibunengzaishichangjingjidachaozhongmishifangxiang,bunengzaiweishenmerendewentishangfashengpiancha,fouzewenyijiumeiyoushengmingli。

    wotongjiweiyishujiajiaotanguo,wendangqianwenyizuituchudewentishishenme,tamenbuyueertongdishuolelianggezi:fuzao。yixierenjuede,weiyibuzuopinfanfudamo,bunengjishiduihuanchengshiyongjiazhi,huozheshuobunengjishiduihuanchengrenminbi,buzhide,yebuhuasuan。zheiyangdetaidu,bujinhuiwudaochuangzuo,erqiehuishidisuzuopindaxingqidao,zaochengliebiquzhuliangbixianxiang。renleiwenyifazhanshibiaoming,jigongjinli,jiezeeryu,cuzhilanzao,bujinshiduiwenyideyizhongshanghai,yeshiduishehuijingshenshenghuodeyizhongshanghai。disubushitongsu,yuwangbudaibiaoxiwang,danchunganguanyulebudengyujingshenkuaile。wenyiyaoyingderenminrenke,huaquanxiutuibuxing,toujiquqiaobuxing,gumingdiaoyubuxing,ziwochaozuobuxing,“dahuajiao,rentairen”yebuxing。

   jingpinzhisuoyi“jing”,jiuzaiyuqisixiangjingshen、yishujingzhan、zhizuojingliang。“chongshizhiweimei,chongshieryouguanghuizhiweida。”guwangjinlai,wenyijuzhiwubushihoujibofadejiejing,wenyimeiliwubushineizaichongshidexianxian。fanshichuanshizhizuo、qiangumingpian,biranshidudinghengxin、qingzhuxinxuedezuopin。fuloubaishuo,xie《baofalifuren》“youyiyejiuxiele5tian”,“kedianzheiyijieyexudexie3geyue”。caoxueqinxie《hongloumeng》“piyueshizai,zengshanwuci”。zhengshiyoulezheizhongziziyiqiu、jingyiqiujingdejingshen,haodewenyizuopincainengdazaochulai。

   “qufayushang,jindeweizhong;qufayuzhong,guweiqixia。”yourongnaida、wuyuzegang,danbomingzhi、ningjingzhiyuan。dafanweidadezuojiayishujia,douyouyigejianjin、jianwu、jianchengdeguocheng。wenyigongzuozheyaozhicungaoyuan,jiuyaoyou“wangjintianyalu”dezhuiqiu,naidezhu“zuoyexifengdiaobishu”deqinglenghe“dushanggaolou”dejimo,jibianshi“yidaijiankuan”ye“zhongbuhui”,jibianshi“renqiaocui”yexinganqingyuan,zuihoudadao“zhonglixuntaqianbaidu”,“moranhuishou,neirenquezai,denghuolanshanchu”delingwu。

   “shiwensuishiyun,wuribuquxin。”chuangxinshiwenyideshengming。wenyichuangzuozhongchuxiandeyixiewenti,tongchuangxinnenglibuzuhenyouguanxi。liuxiezai《wenxindiaolong》zhongjiuduochujiangdao,zuojiashirenyaosuizheshidaishenghuochuangxin,yizijideyishugexingjinxingchuangxin。tangdaishufajialiyongshuo:“siwozhesu,xuewozhesi。”songdaishirenhuangtingjianshuo:“suirenzuojizhonghouren,zichengyijiashibizhen。”wenyichuangzuoshiguannianheshouduanxiangjiehe、neironghexingshixiangronghedeshenduchuangxin,shigezhongyishuyaosuhejishuyaosudejicheng,shixionghuaihechuangyideduijie。yaobachuangxinjingshenguanchuanwenyichuangzuoshengchanquanguocheng,zengqiangwenyiyuanchuangnengli。yaojianchibaihuaqifang、baijiazhengmingdefangzhen,fayangxueshuminzhu、yishuminzhu,yingzaojijijiankang、kuansonghexiedefenwei,tichangbutongguandianhexuepaichongfentaolun,tichangticai、ticai、xingshi、shouduanchongfenfazhan,tuidongguannian、neirong、fengge、liupaiqiecuohujian。woguoshaoshuminzunenggeshanwu,zhangqiyilaixingchengleduoziduocaidewenyichengguo,zheishiwoguowenyideguibao,yaobaohuhao、fazhanhao,rangtamenzaizuguowenyibaihuayuanzhongzhanfangchugengjiaxuanlideguangcai。

   fanrongwenyichuangzuo、tuidongwenyichuangxin,bixuyoudapideyishuangxindewenyimingjia。yaobawenyiduiwujianshebaizaigengjiatuchudezhongyaoweizhi,nulizaojiuyipiyouyingxiangdegelingyuwenyilingjunrenwu,jiansheyizhihongdadewenyirencaiduiwu。wenyishijirenyijiazhiyindao、jingshenyinling、shenmeiqidide,yishujiazishendesixiangshuiping、yewushuiping、daodeshuipingshigenben。wenyigongzuozheyaozijuejianshouyishulixiang,buduantigaoxueyang、hanyang、xiuyang,jiaqiangsixiangjilei、zhishichubei、wenhuaxiuyang、yishuxunlian,nulizuodao“longtiandiyuxingnei,cuowanwuyubiduan”。chuleyaoyouhaodezhuanyesuyangzhiwai,haiyaoyougaoshangderengexiuwei,you“tiejiandandaoyi”deshehuizerengan。zaifazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitiaojianxia,haiyaochulihaoyiliguanxi,renzhenyansudikaolvzuopindeshehuixiaoguo,jiangpinwei,zhongyide,weilishicunzhengqi,weishirenhongmeide,weizishenliuqingming,nuliyigaoshangdezhiyecaoshou、lianghaodeshehuixingxiang、wenzhijianmeideyouxiuzuopinyingderenminxiaihehuanying。

   hulianwangjishuhexinmeitigaibianlewenyixingtai,cuishengleyidapixindewenyileixing,yedailaiwenyiguannianhewenyishijiandeshenkebianhua。youyuwenzishumahua、shujituxianghua、yueduwangluohuadengfazhan,wenyinaizhishehuiwenhuamianlinzhezhongdabiange。yaoshiyingxingshifazhan,zhuahaowangluowenyichuangzuoshengchan,jiaqiangzhengmianyindaolidu。jinxienianlai,minyingwenhuagongzuoshi、minyingwenhuajingjijigou、wangluowenyishequndengxindewenyizuzhidaliangyongxian,wangluozuojia、qianyuezuojia、ziyouzhuangaoren、dulizhipianren、duliyanyuangeshou、ziyoumeishugongzuozhedengxindewenyiquntishifenhuoyue。zheixierenzhonghenyoukenengchanshengwenyimingjia,gujinzhongwaihenduowenyimingjiadoushicongshehuiherenminzhongchanshengde。womenyaokuodagongzuofugaimian,yanshenlianxishoubei,yongquanxindeyanguangkandaitamen,yongquanxindezhengcehefangfatuanjie、xiyintamen,yindaotamenchengweifanrongshehuizhuyiwenyideyoushengliliang。

   第三个问题:坚持以人民为中心的创作导向

   shehuizhuyiwenyi,congbenzhishangjiang,jiushirenmindewenyi。maozedongtongzhizaiyananwenyizuotanhuishangzhichu:“weishenmerendewenti,shiyigegenbendewenti,yuanzedewenti。”dengxiaopingtongzhishuo:“womendewenyishuyurenmin”,“renminshiwenyigongzuozhedemuqin”。jiangzemintongzhiyaoqiuguangdawenyigongzuozhe“zairenmindelishichuangzaozhongjinxingyishudechuangzao,zairenmindejinbuzhongzaojiuyishudejinbu”。hujintaotongzhiqiangdiao:“zhiyoubarenminfangzaixinzhongzuigaoweizhi,yongyuantongrenminzaiyiqi,jianchiyirenminweizhongxindechuangzuodaoxiang,yishuzhishucainengchangqing。”

   renminjishilishidechuangzaozhe、yeshilishidejianzhengzhe,jishilishide“juzhongren”、yeshilishide“juzuozhe”。wenyiyaofanyinghaorenminxinsheng,jiuyaojianchiweirenminfuwu、weishehuizhuyifuwuzheigegenbenfangxiang。zheishidangduiwenyizhanxiantichudeyixiangjibenyaoqiu,yeshijuedingwoguowenyishiyeqiantumingyundeguanjian。zhiyoulaogushulimakesizhuyiwenyiguan,zhenzhengzuodaoleyirenminweizhongxin,wenyicainengfahuizuidazhengnengliang。yirenminweizhongxin,jiushiyaobamanzurenminjingshenwenhuaxuqiuzuoweiwenyihewenyigongzuodechufadianheluojiaodian,barenminzuoweiwenyibiaoxiandezhuti,barenminzuoweiwenyishenmeidejianshangjiahepingpanzhe,baweirenminfuwuzuoweiwenyigongzuozhedetianzhi。

    diyi,renminxuyaowenyi。renmindexuqiushiduofangmiande。manzurenminriyizengzhangdewuzhixuqiu,bixuzhuahaojingjishehuijianshe,zengjiashehuidewuzhicaifu。manzurenminriyizengzhangdejingshenwenhuaxuqiu,bixuzhuahaowenhuajianshe,zengjiashehuidejingshenwenhuacaifu。wuzhixuqiushidiyiweide,chishangfanshizuizhuyaode,suoyishuo“minyishiweitian”。danshi,zheibingbushishuorenminduijingshenwenhuashenghuodexuqiujiushikeyoukewude,renleishehuiyudongwujiedezuidaqubiejiushirenshiyoujingshenxuqiude,renminduijingshenwenhuashenghuodexuqiushishikekedoucunzai。

   suizherenminshenghuoshuipingbuduantigao,renminduibaokuowenyizuopinzaineidewenhuachanpindezhiliang、pinwei、fenggedengdeyaoqiuyegenggaole。wenxue、xiju、dianying、dianshi、yinle、wudao、meishu、sheying、shufa、quyi、zajiyijiminjianwenyi、qunzhongwenyidenggelingyudouyaogenshangshidaifazhan、baworenminxuqiu,yichongpeidejiqing、shengdongdebichu、youmeidexuanlv、ganrendexingxiangchuangzuoshengchanchurenminxiwenlejiandeyouxiuzuopin,rangrenminjingshenwenhuashenghuobuduanmaishangxintaijie。

   haiyou,guojishehuiduizhongguodeguanzhuduyuelaiyuegao,tamenxianglejiezhongguo,xiangzhidaozhongguorendeshijieguan、renshengguan、jiazhiguan,xiangzhidaozhongguorenduiziran、duishijie、duilishi、duiweilaidekanfa,xiangzhidaozhongguorendexinuaile,xiangzhidaozhongguolishichuancheng、fengsuxiguan、minzutexing,dengdeng。zheixieguangkaozhengguidexinwenfabu、guanfangjieshaoshiyuanyuanbugoude,kaowaiguominzhonglaizhongguoqinzilejie、qinshenganshoushihenyouxiande。erwenyishizuihaodejiaoliufangshi,zaizheifangmiankeyifahuibuketidaidezuoyong,yibuxiaoshuo,yipiansanwen,yishoushi,yifuhua,yizhangzhaopian,yibudianying,yibudianshiju,yiquyinle,dounengjiwaiguorenlejiezhongguotigongyigedutedeshijiao,dounengyigezidemeiliquxiyinren、ganranren、dadongren。jingju、minle、shufa、guohuadengdoushiwoguowenhuaguibao,doushiwaiguorenlejiezhongguodezhongyaotujing。wenyigongzuozheyaojianghaozhongguogushi、chuanbohaozhongguoshengyin、chanfazhongguojingshen、zhanxianzhongguofengmao,rangwaiguominzhongtongguoxinshangzhongguozuojiayishujiadezuopinlaishenhuaduizhongguoderenshi、zengjinduizhongguodelejie。yaoxiangshijiexuanchuantuijiewoguoyouxiuwenhuayishu,rangguowaiminzhongzaishenmeiguochengzhongganshoumeili,jiashenduizhonghuawenhuaderenshihelijie。

    dier,wenyixuyaorenmin。renminshiwenyichuangzuodeyuantouhuoshui,yidanlikairenmin,wenyijiuhuibianchengwugendefuping、wubingdeshenyin、wuhundequqiao。lieningshuo:“yishushishuyurenminde。tabixuzaiguangdalaodongqunzhongdedicengyouqizuishenhoudegenji。tabixuweizheixiequnzhongsuolejieheaihao。tabixujiehezheixiequnzhongdeganqing、sixiangheyizhi,bingtigaotamen。tabixuzaiqunzhongzhongjianhuanqiyishujia,bingshitamendedaofazhan。”renminshenghuozhongbenlaijiucunzaizhewenxueyishuyuanliaodekuangzang,renminshenghuoshiyiqiewenxueyishuquzhibujin、yongzhibujiedechuangzuoyuanquan。

   renmindexuyaoshiwenyicunzaidegenbenjiazhisuozai。nengbunenggaochuyouxiuzuopin,zuigenbendejuedingyushifounengweirenminshuxie、weirenminshuqing、weirenminshuhuai。yiqiehongdongdangshi、chuanzhihoushidewenyizuopin,fanyingdedoushishidaiyaoqiuherenminxinsheng。woguojiuchuanbuxidemingpianjiazuodouchongmanzheduirenminmingyundebeimin、duirenminbeihuandeguanqie,yijingzhandeyishuzhangxianleshenhouderenminqinghuai。《gushiyuan》shoujidefanyingyuangushouliehuodongde《dange》,《shijing》zhongfanyingnongfujianxinlaozuode《qiyue》、fanyingshibingzhengzhanshenghuode《caiwei》、fanyingqingnianaiqingshenghuode《guanju》,tansuoyuzhouaomide《tianwen》,fanyingyoumushenghuode《chilege》,gesongnvxingyingzide《mulanshi》deng,doushicongrenminshenghuozhongchanshengde。quyuande“zhangtaixiyiyantixi,aiminshengzhiduojian”,dufude“andeguangshaqianwanjian,dabitianxiahanshijuhuanyan”、“zhumenjiurouchou,luyoudongsigu”,lishende“sheizhipanzhongcan,lilijiexinku”,zhengbanqiaode“xiexiaowucaozhouxianli,yizhiyiyezongguanqing”,dengdeng,yedoushishenkefanyingrenminxinshengdezuopinhejiaju。shijieshangzuizaodewenxuezuopin《jierjiameishen》shishi,fanyingleliangheliuyushanggurenmintanqiuziranguilvheshengsiaomidexinjingheqinggan。《hemashishi》zanmeilerenminyonggan、zhengyi、wusi、qinlaodengpinzhi。《shenqu》、《shiritan》、《jurenchuan》dengzuopindezhuyaoneirongshifanduizhongshijidejinyuzhuyi、mengmeizhuyi,fanyingrenminduijingshenjiefangdereqieqidai。yinci,wenyizhiyouzhigenxianshishenghuo、jingenshidaichaoliu,cainengfazhanfanrong;zhiyoushunyingrenminyiyuan、fanyingrenminguanqie,cainengchongmanhuoli。

  renminbushichouxiangdefuhao,ershiyigeyigejutideren,youxueyourou,youqinggan,youaihen,youmengxiang,yeyouneixindechongtuhezhengzha。bunengyizijidegerenganshoudaitirenmindeganshou,ershiyaoxuxinxiangrenminxuexi、xiangshenghuoxuexi,congrenmindeweidashijianhefengfuduocaideshenghuozhongjiquyingyang,buduanjinxingshenghuoheyishudejilei,buduanjinxingmeidefaxianhemeidechuangzao。yaoshizhongbarenmindelengnuan、renmindexingfufangzaixinzhong,barenmindexinuaileqingzhuzaizijidebiduan,ougefendourensheng,kehuazuimeirenwu,jiandingrenmenduimeihaoshenghuodechongjinghexinxin。

   shuodaozheili,wojiuxiangqileyijianshiqing。1982nian,wodaohebeizhengdingxianqugongzuoqianxi,yixieshurenlaiweiwosongxing,qizhongjiuyoubayichangdezuojia、bianjuwangyuanjian。taduiwoshuo,nidaonongcunqu,yaoxiangliuqingneiyang,shenrudaonongminqunzhongzhongqu,tongnongminqunzhongdachengyipian。liuqingweileshenrunongminshenghuo,1952niancengjingrenshanxizhanganxianxianweifushuji,houlaiciqulexianweifushujizhiwu、baoliuchangweizhiwu,bingdingjuzaineierdehuangfucun,dundian14nian,jizhongjinglichuangzuo《chuangyeshi》。yinweitaduishanxiguanzhongnongminshenghuoyoushenrulejie,suoyibixiaderenwucaineiyangxuxurusheng。liuqingshuzhixiangqinmendexinuaile,zhongyangchutaiyixiangshejinongcunnongmindezhengce,tanaozililijijiunengxiangxiangchunongminqunzhongshigaoxinghaishibugaoxing。

   disan,wenyiyaoreairenmin。youmeiyouganqing,duisheiyouganqing,juedingzhewenyichuangzuodemingyun。ruguobuairenmin,neijiutanbushangweirenminchuangzuo。luxunjiuduirenminchongmanlereai,biaolutazheiyixinjizuiyoumingdeshijujiushi“hengmeilengduiqianfuzhi,fushouganweiruziniu”。wozaihebeizhengdinggongzuoshijieshidezuojiajiadashan,yeshiyiweireairenmindezuojia。taqushihou,woxieleyipianwenzhangdaonianta。tajiwoyinxiangzuishendejiushiyouguoyouminqinghuai,“chujianghuzhiyuanzeyouqijun”。wenyigongzuozheyaoxiangyouchengjiu,jiubixuzijueyurenmintonghuxi、gongmingyun、xinlianxin,huanlezherenmindehuanle,youhuanzherenmindeyouhuan,zuorenminderuziniu。zheishiweiyizhengquededaolu,yeshizuojiayishujiazuidadexingfu。

   reairenminbushiyijukouhao,yaoyoushenkedelixingrenshihejutideshijianxingdong。duirenmin,yaoaidezhenzhi、aidechedi、aidechijiu,jiuyaoshenshendongderenminshilishichuangzaozhededaoli,shenruqunzhong、shenrushenghuo,chengxinchengyizuorenmindexiaoxuesheng。wojiangyaoshenrushenghuo,youxietongzhirenshixiaqule,danzhishizoumaguanhua、qingtingdianshui,bingmeiyoudaizhexin,bingmeiyoudongzhenqing。yaojiejuehao“weileshei、yikaoshei、woshishei”zheigewenti,chaichu“xin”deweiqiang,bujinyao“shenru”,gengyao“xinru”、“qingru”。

   wenyideyiqiechuangxin,guigendaodidouzhijiehuojianjielaiyuanyurenmin。“shishidongmingjiexuewen,renqingliandajiwenzhang。”yishukeyifangfeixiangxiangdechibang,danyidingyaojiaocaijianshidedadi。wenyichuangzuofangfayouyibaitiao、yiqiantiao,danzuigenben、zuiguanjian、zuilaokaodebanfashizhagenrenmin、zhagenshenghuo。caoxueqinruguomeiduidangshideshehuishenghuozuoguoquanjingshideguanchahexianweijingshidepouxi,jiubukenengwancheng《hongloumeng》zheizhongbaikequanshushijuzhudexiezuo。luxunruguobushuxixinhaigemingqianhoudicengminzhongdechujinghexinqing,jiubukenengsuzaochuxianglinsao、runtu、aq、kongyijidengneixiexuxurushengderenwu。

   guanzaixiangyatalibuhuiyouchijiudewenyilingganhechuangzuojiqing。youyiweisulianshirenxingrongzuojiazuozaiwuliwakongxinsixiebuchudongxidejiongtaishi“bashouzhijiadouwenchuleshuilai”。womenyaozoujinshenghuoshenchu,zairenminzhongtiwushenghuobenzhi、chitoushenghuodiyun。zhiyoubashenghuojujiaotoule,wanquanxiaohuale,cainengbianchengshenkedeqingjiehedongrendexingxiang,chuangzuochulaidezuopincainengjidangrenxin。zhengsuowei“bimenmijufeishifa,zhishizhengxingziyoushi”。yiqiechuangzuojiqiaoheshouduanzuizhongdoushiweineirongfuwude,doushiweilegengxianming、gengdute、gengtouchedishuorenshuoshishuoli。beililezheigeyuanze,jiqiaoheshouduanjiuhaowujiazhile,shenzhihaihuichanshengfumianxiaoying。

    dangran,shenghuozhongbingfeidaochudoushiyinggeyanwu、huatuanjincu,shehuishanghaiyouxuduobururenyizhichu、haicunzaiyixiechouexianxiang。duizheixiexianxiangbushibuyaofanying,ershiyaojiejuehaoruhefanyingdewenti。gurenyun,“leerbuyin,aierbushang”,“fahuqing,zhihuliyi”。wenyichuangzuoruguozhishidanchunjishuxianzhuang、yuanshizhanshichoue,ermeiyouduiguangmingdegesong、duilixiangdeshufa、duidaodedeyindao,jiubunengguwurenminqianjin。yinggaiyongxianshizhuyijingshenhelangmanzhuyiqinghuaiguanzhaoxianshishenghuo,yongguangmingqusanheian,yongmeishanzhanshengchoue,rangrenmenkandaomeihao、kandaoxiwang、kandaomengxiangjiuzaiqianfang。

    yibuhaodezuopin,yinggaishijingdeqirenminpingjia、zhuanjiapingjia、shichangjianyandezuopin,yinggaishibashehuixiaoyifangzaishouwei,tongshiyeyinggaishishehuixiaoyihejingjixiaoyixiangtongyidezuopin。zaifazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingjidetiaojianxia,xuduowenhuachanpinyaotongguoshichangshixianjiazhi,dangranbunengwanquanbukaolvjingjixiaoyi。raner,tongshehuixiaoyixiangbi,jingjixiaoyishidierweide,danglianggexiaoyi、liangzhongjiazhifashengmaodunshi,jingjixiaoyiyaofucongshehuixiaoyi,shichangjiazhiyaofucongshehuijiazhi。wenyibunengdangshichangdenuli,buyaozhanmanletongchouqi。youxiudewenyizuopin,zuihaoshijinengzaisixiangshang、yishushangqudechenggong,younengzaishichangshangshoudaohuanying。yaojianshouwenyideshenmeilixiang、baochiwenyidedulijiazhi,helishezhifanyingshichangjieshouchengdudefaxingliang、shoushilv、dianjilv、piaofangshourudenglianghuazhibiao,jibunenghushihefoudingzheixiezhibiao,youbunengbazheixiezhibiaojueduihua,beishichangqianzhebizizou。

    youdetongzhishuo,tianshishijiedetian,dishizhongguodedi,zhiyouyanjingxiangzherenleizuixianjindefangmianzhumu,tongshizhenchengzhimiandangxiazhongguorendeshengcunxianshi,womencainengweirenleitigongzhongguojingyan,womendewenyicainengweishijiegongxianteshudeshengxianghesecai。shuodeshiyoudaolide。zhonghuaminzu5000duoniandewenmingjinbu,jindaiyilaizhongguorenminzhengquminzuduli、renminjiefangdeyuxuedouzheng,zhongguogongchandanglingdaorenminjinxingdegeming、jianshe、gaigedeweidalicheng,gulaozhongguodeshenkebianhuahe13yizhongguorenminjiweifengfudeshengchanshenghuo,weiwenyichuangzuotigonglejiweifeiwodeturang,zhidexiededongxitaiduole。zhiyaowomenyurenmintongzai,jiuyidingnengcongzuguodadimuqinneilihuodewuqiongdeliliang。

   第四个问题:中国精神是社会主义文艺的灵魂

   zheiduanshijian,wojizhongqiangdiaolepeiyuhejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanwenti。jinnian2yue,zhongyangzhengzhijuzhuanmenjiupeiyuhehongyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanjinxingjitixuexi,wozuolejianghua,duiquanshehuitileyaoqiu。wusiqingnianjie,wodaobeijingdaxuequ,duidaxueshishengjianglezheigewenti。5yuedi,wozaishanghaikaochagongzuoshi,duilingdaoganbuhongyanghejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguantileyaoqiu。liuyiertongjieqianxi,wozaibeijinghaidianquminzuxiaoxuetongshishengmenzuotanshijianglezheigewenti。6yueshangxun,wozailiangyuanyuanshidahuishangduiyuanshimenyetilezheifangmianyaoqiu。9yuejiaoshijieqianyitian,wodaobeijingshifandaxuetongshishengzuotan,zaiciqiangdiaolezheigewenti。jintian,woyeyaoduiwenyijietichuzheifangmianyaoqiu,yinweiwenyizaipeiyuhehongyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanfangmianjuyoudutezuoyong。

   meigeshidaidouyoumeigeshidaidejingshen。wocengjingjiangguo,shixianzhongguomengbixuzouzhongguodaolu、hongyangzhongguojingshen、ningjuzhongguoliliang。hexinjiazhiguanshiyigeminzulaiyiweixidejingshenniudai,shiyigeguojiagongtongdesixiangdaodejichu。ruguomeiyougongtongdehexinjiazhiguan,yigeminzu、yigeguojiajiuhuihunwudingsuo、xingwuyigui。weishenmezhonghuaminzunenggouzaijiqianniandelishizhanghezhongshengshengbuxi、xinhuoxiangchuan、wanqiangfazhanni?henzhongyaodeyigeyuanyinjiushizhonghuaminzuyouyimaixiangchengdejingshenzhuiqiu、jingshentezhi、jingshenmailuo。

   gaigekaifangyilai,woguojingjifazhanhenkuai,renminshenghuoshuipingtigaoyehenkuai。tongshi,woguoshehuizhengchuzaisixiangdahuoyue、guanniandapengzhuang、wenhuadajiaorongdeshidai,chuxianlebushaowenti。qizhongbijiaotuchudeyigewentijiushiyixierenjiazhiguanqueshi,guannianmeiyoushane,xingweimeiyoudixian,shenmeweifandangjiguofadeshiqingdougangan,shenmequededegoudangdouganzuo,meiyouguojiaguannian、jitiguannian、jiatingguannian,bujiangduicuo,buwenshifei,buzhimeichou,bubianxiangchou,hunhunee,qiongshejiyu。xianzaishehuishangchuxiandezhongzhongwentibinggendouzaizheili。zheifangmiandewentiruguodebudaoyouxiaojiejue,gaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshejiunanyishunlituijin。

   womenshizhongqiangdiao,lianggewenmingdougaohaocaishizhongguoteseshehuizhuyi。dengxiaopingtongzhizaojiugaojiewomen:fengqiruguohuaixiaqu,jingjigaochenggongyouyoushenmeyiyi?huizailingyifangmianbianzhi!yinci,womenyaozaiquanshehuidalihongyanghejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,shizhixiangkongqiyiyangwuchubuzai、wushibuyou,chengweiquantirenmindegongtongjiazhizhuiqiu,chengweiwomenshengerweizhongguorendedutejingshenzhizhu,chengweibaixingriyongerbujuedexingweizhunze。yaohaozhaoquanshehuixingdongqilai,tongguojiaoyuyindao、yulunxuanchuan、wenhuaxuntao、shijianyangcheng、zhidubaozhangdeng,shishehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanneihuaweirenmendejingshenzhuiqiu、waihuaweirenmendezijuexingdong。

   wenyishizhuzaolinghundegongcheng,wenyigongzuozheshilinghundegongchengshi。haodewenyizuopinjiuyinggaixianglantianshangdeyangguang、chunjilideqingfengyiyang,nenggouqidisixiang、wenrunxinling、taoyerensheng,nenggousaochutuifeiweimizhifeng。“fanzuochuanshizhiwenzhe,bixianyoukeyichuanshizhixin。”guangdawenyigongzuozheyaogaoyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguandeqizhi,chongfenrenshijianshangdezeren,bashehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanshengdonghuopo、huolinghuoxianditixianzaiwenyichuangzuozhizhong,yongxuxurushengdezuopinxingxianggaosurenmenshenmeshiyinggaikendinghezanyangde,shenmeshibixufanduihefoudingde,zuodaochunfenghuayu、runwuwusheng。tongshi,wenyijiezhimingrenshihenduo,shehuiyingxianglibuxiao,dajiabujinyaozaiwenyichuangzuoshangzhuiqiuzhuoyue,erqieyaozaisixiangdaodexiuyangshangzhuiqiuzhuoyue,gengyingshentilixingjianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,nulizuodaoyanweishize、xingweishifan。

   zaishehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanzhong,zuishenceng、zuigenben、zuiyonghengdeshiaiguozhuyi。aiguozhuyishichangxiechangxindezhuti。yongyoujiaguoqinghuaidezuopin,zuinengganzhaozhonghuaernvtuanjiefendou。fanzhongyande“xiantianxiazhiyoueryou,houtianxiazhileerle”,luyoude“wangshibeidingzhongyuanri,jiajiwuwanggaonaiweng”、“weibeiweiganwangyouguo”、“yelanwotingfengchuiyu,tiemabingherumenglai”,wentianxiangde“renshengzigusheiwusi,liuqudanxinzhaohanqing”,linzexude“gouliguojiashengsiyi,qiyinhuofubiquzhi”,yuefeide《manjianghong》,fangzhiminde《keaidezhongguo》,dengdeng,douyiquanbureqingweizuguofanggeshuhuai。womendangdaiwenyigengyaobaaiguozhuyizuoweiwenyichuangzuodezhuxuanlv,yindaorenminshulihejianchizhengquedelishiguan、minzuguan、guojiaguan、wenhuaguan,zengqiangzuozhongguorendeguqihediqi。

   zhuiqiuzhenshanmeishiwenyideyonghengjiazhi。yishudezuigaojingjiejiushirangrendongxin,rangrenmendelinghunjingshouxili,rangrenmenfaxianzirandemei、shenghuodemei、xinlingdemei。yishouduanduande《youziyin》zhisuoyiliuchuanqiannian,jiuzaiyutashengdongougeleweidademuai。sudongpochengzanhanyu“wenqibadaizhishuai,erdaojitianxiazhini”,jiangdeshicongsimaqianzhihoudaohanyu,suanqilaiwenzhangshuairuolebadai。hanyudewenzhangqilaile,pingshenmeni?jiushi“dao”,jiushiwenyizaidao。womenyaotongguowenyizuopinchuandizhenshanmei,chuandixiangshangxiangshandejiazhiguan,yindaorenmenzengqiangdaodepanduanlihedaoderongyugan,xiangwanghezhuiqiujiangdaode、zundaode、shoudaodedeshenghuo。zhiyaozhonghuaminzuyidaijiezheyidaizhuiqiuzhenshanmeidedaodejingjie,womendeminzujiuyongyuanjiankangxiangshang、yongyuanchongmanxiwang。

   wenyichuangzuobujinyaoyoudangdaishenghuodediyun,erqieyaoyouwenhuachuantongdexuemai。“qiumuzhizhangzhe,biguqigenben;yuliuzhiyuanzhe,bijunqiquanyuan。”zhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuashizhonghuaminzudejingshenmingmai,shihanyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguandezhongyaoyuanquan,yeshiwomenzaishijiewenhuajidangzhongzhanwenjiaogendejianshigenji。zengqiangwenhuazijuehewenhuazixin,shijiandingdaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixindetizhongyingyouzhiyi。ruguo“yiyangweizun”、“yiyangweimei”、“weiyangshicong”,bazuopinzaiguowaihuojiangzuoweizuigaozhuiqiu,genzaibierenhoumianyibuyiqu、dongshixiaopin,rezhongyu“qusixianghua”、“qujiazhihua”、“qulishihua”、“quzhongguohua”、“quzhuliuhua”neiyitao,jueduishimeiyouqiantude!shishishang,waiguorenyepaodaowomenzheilixunzhaosucai、xunzhaolinggan,haolaiwupaishede《gongfuxiongmao》、《huamulan》dengyingpianbujiushiqucaiyuwomendewenhuaziyuanma?

   zhonghuaminzuzaizhangqishijianzhongpeiyuhexingchengledutedesixianglinianhedaodeguifan,youchongrenai、zhongminben、shouchengxin、jiangbianzheng、shanghehe、qiudatongdengsixiang,youziqiangbuxi、jingyelequn、fuzhengyangshan、fuweijikun、jianyiyongwei、xiaolaoaiqindengchuantongmeide。zhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuazhonghenduosixianglinianhedaodeguifan,bulunguoquhaishixianzai,douyouqiyongbutunsedejiazhi。womenyaojiehexindeshidaitiaojianchuanchenghehongyangzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua,chuanchenghehongyangzhonghuameixuejingshen。zhonghuameixuejiangqiutuowuyanzhi、yuliyuqing,jiangqiuyanjianyigai、ninglianjiezhi,jiangqiuxingshenjianbei、yijingshenyuan,qiangdiaozhi、qing、yi、xingxiangtongyi。womenyaojianshouzhonghuawenhualichang、chuanchengzhonghuawenhuajiyin,zhanxianzhonghuashenmeifengfan。

   chuanchengzhonghuawenhua,juebushijiandanfugu,yebushimangmupaiwai,ershiguweijinyong、yangweizhongyong,bianzhengqushe、tuichenchuxin,bingqixiaojiyinsu,jichengjijisixiang,“yigurenzhiguiju,kaizijizhishengmian”,shixianzhonghuawenhuadechuangzaoxingzhuanhuahechuangxinxingfazhan。

    dangran,womenqiangdiaohongyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,jichenghefayangzhonghuaminzuyouxiuchuantongwenhua,jianchihehongyangzhongguojingshen,bingbupaichixuexijiejianshijieyouxiuwenhuachengguo。womenshehuizhuyiwenyiyaofanrongfazhanqilai,bixurenzhenxuexijiejianshijiegeguorenminchuangzaodeyouxiuwenyi。zhiyoujianchiyangweizhongyong、kaituochuangxin,zuodaozhongxihebi、ronghuiguantong,woguowenyicainenggenghaofazhanfanrongqilai。qishi,xiandaiyilai,woguowenyiheshijiewenyidejiaoliuhujianjiuyizhizaijinxingzhe。baihuawen、baleiwu、guanxianle、youhua、dianying、huaju、xiandaixiaoshuo、xiandaishigedengdoushijiejianguowaiyoujinxingminzuchuangzaodechengguo。luxundengjinbuzuojiadangnianjiudaliangfanyijieshaoguowaijinbuwenxuezuopin。xinzhongguochenglihou,womenxuexijiejiansulianwenyi,rupuliehannuofudeyishulilun、sitannisilafusijibiaoyantixi,suliandebaleiwu、dianyingdeng,sulianzhumingwudaojiawulannuowayijiyixiesulianzhumingyanyuan、daoyandangniandoulaiguozhongguofangwen。zheizhongxuexijiejianduijianguochuqiwoguoshehuizhuyiwenyifazhanqidaolecujinzuoyong。gaigekaifangzhihou,woguowenyiduishijiewenyidexuexijiejianjiugengguangfanle。xianzai,qingkuangyeyiyang,henduoyishuxingshishiguowaixingqide,rushuochangbiaoyan、jiewudeng,danzhiyaorenminqunzhongxihuan,womenjiuyaoyong,bingfuyuqijiankangxiangshangdeneirong。

   dangjinshijieshikaifangdeshijie,yishuyeyaozaiguojishichangshangjingzheng,meiyoujingzhengjiumeiyoushengmingli。birudianyinglingyu,jingguoshichangjingzheng,guowaiyingpianbingmeiyoubawomendeguochanyingpiandakua,fanercijileguochanyingpiantigaozhiliangheshuiping,zaishichangjingzhengzhongfazhanqilaile,juyoulegengqiangdejingzhengli。

第五个问题:加强和改进党对文艺工作的领导

   dangdelingdaoshishehuizhuyiwenyifazhandegenbenbaozheng。dangdegenbenzongzhishiquanxinquanyiweirenminfuwu,wenyidegenbenzongzhiyeshiweirenminchuangzuo。bawolezheigelizudian,danghewenyideguanxijiunengdedaozhengquechuli,jiunengzhunquebawodangxingherenminxingdeguanxi、zhengzhilichanghechuangzuoziyoudeguanxi。

   jiaqianghegaijindangduiwenyigongzuodelingdao,yaobawozhuliangtiao:yishiyaojinjinyikaoguangdawenyigongzuozhe,ershiyaozunzhonghezunxunwenyiguilv。gejidangweiyaocongjiansheshehuizhuyiwenhuaqiangguodegaodu,zengqiangwenhuazijuehewenhuazixin,bawenyigongzuonaruzhongyaoyishiricheng,guanchehaodangdewenyifangzhenzhengce,bawowenyifazhanzhengquefangxiang。yaoxuanhaopeiqiangwenyidanweilingdaobanzi,baneixiedecaijianbei、nengtongwenyigongzuozhedachengyipiandeganbufangdaowenyigongzuolingdaogangweishanglai。yaozunzhongwenyigongzuozhedechuangzuogexinghechuangzaoxinglaodong,zhengzhishangchongfenxinren,chuangzuoshangreqingzhichi,yingzaoyouliyuwenyichuangzuodelianghaohuanjing。yaochengxinchengyitongwenyigongzuozhejiaopengyou,guanxintamendegongzuoheshenghuo,qingtingtamenxinshenghexinyuan。yaozhongshiwenyizhendijiansheheguanli,jianchishoutuyouze,juebujiyouhaidewenyizuopintigongchuanboqudao。gejixuanchuanwenhuabumenyaozaidangweilingdaoxia,qieshijiaqiangduiwenyigongzuodezhidaohefuchi,jiaqiangduiwenyigongzuozhedeyindaohetuanjie,weituidongwenyifanrongfazhanzuochujijigongxian。wenlian、zuoxieyaochongfenfahuiyoushi,jiaqiangxingyefuwu、xingyeguanli、xingyezilv,zhenzhengchengweiwenyigongzuozhezhijia。

   xianzai,wenyigongzuodeduixiang、fangshi、shouduan、jizhichuxianlexuduoxinqingkuang、xintedian,wenyichuangzuoshengchandegeju、renminqunzhongdeshenmeiyaoqiufashenglehendabianhua,wenyichanpinchuanbofangshihequnzhongjieshouxinshangxiguanfashenglehendabianhua。duichuantongwenyichuangzuoshengchanhechuanbo,womenyouyitaoxiangduichengshudetizhijizhiheguanlicuoshi,erduixindewenyixingtai,womenhaiquefayouxiaodeguanlifangshifangfa。zheifangmian,womenbixugenshangjiepai,xiagongfuyanjiujiejue。yaotongguoshenhuagaige、wanshanzhengce、jianquantizhi,xingchengbuduanchujingpin、churencaideshengdongjumian。

   yaogaoduzhongshiheqieshijiaqiangwenyipinglungongzuo。wenyipipingshiwenyichuangzuodeyimianjingzi、yijiliangyao,shiyindaochuangzuo、duochujingpin、tigaoshenmei、yinlingfengshangdezhongyaoliliang。wenyipipingyaodejiushipiping,bunengdoushibiaoyangshenzhiyongsuchuipeng、ayufengcheng,bunengtaoyongxifanglilunlaijiancaizhongguorendeshenmei,gengbunengyongjiandandeshangyebiaozhunqudaiyishubiaozhun,bawenyizuopinwanquandengtongyuputongshangpin,xinfeng“hongbaohoududengyupinglungaodu”。wenyipipingbaobianzhenbiegongnengruohua,quefazhandouli、shuofuli,buliyuwenyijiankangfazhan。

   zhenliyuebianyueming。yidianpipingjingshendoumeiyou,doushibiaoyangheziwobiaoyang、chuipengheziwochuipeng、zaoshiheziwozaoshixiangjiehe,neijiubushiwenyipipingle!jinwuzuchi、renwuwanren,tianxianayoushiquanshimeidedongxini?liangyaokukouliyubing,zhongyannierliyuxing。youlezhenzhengdepiping,womendewenyizuopincainengyuelaiyuehao。wenyipipingjiuyaobaoyoubianlie、jizhuoyangqing,xiangluxunsuoshuodeneiyang,pipingjiayaozuo“wanlanpingguo”degongzuo,“balandewandiao,bahaodeliuxialaichi”。bunengyinweibicishipengyou,ditoubujiantaitoujian,mobukaimianzi,jiubuganpiping。zuojiayishujiayaoganyumianduipipingzijizuopinduanchudepipingjia,yijingzhongzhixindaizhi,leyujieshoupiping。yaoyimakesizhuyiwenyililunweizhidao,jichengchuangxinzhongguogudaiwenyipipinglilunyouxiuyichan,pipanjiejianxiandaixifangwenyililun,damohaopipingzheiba“liqi”,bahaowenyipipingdefangxiangpan,yunyonglishide、renminde、yishude、meixuedeguandianpingpanhejianshangzuopin,zaiyishuzhiliangheshuipingshangganyushishiqiushi,duigezhongbuliangwenyizuopin、xianxiang、sichaoganyubiaomingtaidu,zaidashidafeiwentishangganyubiaominglichang,changdaoshuozhenhua、jiangdaoli,yingzaokaizhanwenyipipingdelianghaofenwei。

   同志们!“等闲识得东风面,万紫千红总是春。”党中央对文艺工作和文艺工作者寄予厚望。希望文艺战线和广大文艺工作者不辜负时代召唤、不辜负人民期待,创造出更好更多的文艺精品,为推动文化大发展大繁荣、建设社会主义文化强国作出新的更大的贡献

 

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