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欧宝app校友、92岁“中国寓言大师”金江去世

作者:  来源:温州都市报  发布日期:2014-03-10 浏览次数: 


  92岁“中国寓言大师”金江去世。 

  他的座右铭是“殉情寓言,至死不渝”,并把创作室命名为“无悔斋” 曾在温州多所中小学任教,作家叶永烈也是他的学生。 

  上世纪50年代末,金江在温州市第二中学教语文。“毕业50多年了,金老师什么时候教了我,教了多久都不记得了,但老师的课特别动听,这点一直忘不了。”原瓦市小学校长虞银良说。

  “你是流金的大江,你是领军的旗帜。你是寓坛的泰斗,你是我永远的老师。”这是中国寓言文学研究会名誉副会长张鹤鸣写在金江留言簿上的话。张鹤鸣说,金江是他高中时的语文老师兼班主任。

  “刚进温州二中时,先生就宣布让我担任班干部,他常常将我的作文当做范文推荐给同学。我们的师生情谊非同寻常。金江这个笔名曾经带给他许多荣誉。1947年,先生的第一本诗集《生命的画册》出版了,这是他文学生涯中非常值得纪念的一个路标。记得1955年,我刚考进温州二中时,班上曾有同学珍藏着这本诗集,并悄悄拿给我看,等我看完后他又悄悄收回去,珍贵得只怕丢失了。有一年寒假,先生大老远到我的故乡——乐清大荆来家访,我和另一个同学马庆永就陪他去雁荡山游玩。”张鹤鸣回忆说。 
 



  ▲2011年4月1日,瓦市小学师生代表前去看望老校友金江。金老则向他们赠送了《金江文集》等书,勉励学生好好读书。温都记者 郑之越/摄 
 
 
  2月24日晚9时1分,儿童文学作家、中国寓言文学研究会名誉会长金江去世,享年92岁。中国寓言文学研究会发唁电悼念这位中国当代寓言的开篇人。

  zuotian,jizhelaidaojinjiangjiazhong。jinjiangjiashugaosujizhe,shirendadengdanweiyedoufalaiyandian。

  jinjiangdeyitigaobieyishijiangyu3yue3rizaishibinyiguanjuxing。qiaodeshi,tayuqizishaliyingzhengshiyu1949nian3yue3rijiehunde。yongshaliyingdehuashuo,65nianqiantayujinjiangzoujinhunyindiantang;rujin,tajiangqinzisongzou“laotouzi”。

  jinjiangbazijidechuangzuoshiqumingwei“wuhuizhai”,ba“xunqingyuyan,zhisibuyu”zuoweizuoyouming。

  jushaliyinghuiyi,jinjiangcengxianhouzaiwenzhouduosuozhongxiaoxuerenjiao,taolimantianxia,zuojiayeyonglieyeshijinjiangdexuesheng。

  妻子

  yikaishi,jinjiangdechuangzuozhuyaojizhongzaishigefangmian。xinzhongguochenglihou,zuojiazhangtianyizaibaokanshangyiju“weishaonianertongxiezuo”dehuyu,bajinjiangdaidaoleertongwenxuedechuangzuozhonglai。dangshi,jinjiangheshaliyingdouzaiwenzhoudiwuxiaoxuerenjiao,jinjiangshixiaozhang。“youdehaiziburenzhennianshu,erqiebutingquan,huangfeilexueye。《baitouwengdegushi》jiushidangshichuangzuode,xiwanghaizimenbuyaobantuerfei。”shaliyingshuo,haizimentingbujindadaoli,jinjiangjiubanchuyuyanlai,xiaoguoyaohaodeduo。

  “tadezuopinzhong,《yanfenglidexiaocao》zuirangwomenliangxihuan。”shaliyingjieshao,youshitahuibazijitingdaodexinxianshigaosujinjiang,huozhezhengliwengao。erjinjiangzhiyaoxiechuxindeyuyanzuopin,diyigejiuhuinalaijitakan。

  整理书房,父亲“盯”了3天

  儿子

  zaijinjiangdeshufangli,yongniupizhibaoguoyanshideshougaoduilebangefangjian。“fuqinzhiyaodedaozhenguideshuji,douxiguanzaioubaoappxiexiadeshujingguo,bingqianzigaizhang。”jinjiangdedaerzijinhuishuo,shujiheshougaodoushifuqindeminggenzi,wulunbandaona,tadouhuidaizaishenbian。

  “youyici,wodasuanbashufangtengchulaizuowoshi,fuqindanxinwononghuaishuben,jiuyizhizhanzaifangmenkoukanzhewo。”jinhuishuo,tazhengzhenghuale3tianshijian,caimianqiangzhenglihao,jinjiangyeyizhizaifangmenkou“ding”le3tian。“fuqinyougexinyuan,suoyoudeshujiheshougao,jianglaidoujuanxianjishitushuguan。”

  不服老,坚持走路不靠拐杖

  jinjiangyushaliyingyuyouyinverzi,nverjinfei、daerzijinhui、xiaoerzijinchong。daerzijinhuishangshanxiaxiang,jinruzhejiangshengchanjianshebingtuan,houzaihangzhoujianshejituangongzuo,zaihangzhouanlejia;xiaoerzijinchongzaiwenzhoujiujiaxuezuoguochushi,xianzaizaihelankailejianzijidecanguan;nverjinfeixiaoxuebiye,dingtimuqinshaliyingxiaoxuejiaoshidegongzuo。dan20duonianqian,jinfeiyinbingqushi。

  jinjiangbingzhongqijianjiqushihou,ersunluxuganhuilewenzhou。“fuqinshixintaixiangdangnianqingderen,congbufulao。”jinhuishuo,2008nian,jinjiangnaoyixuezhongfeng,zhihouzaijiarendexixinzhaoliaoxia,zhujianhuifu。ersunmenjitamaileguaizhang,fangbianqixingzou。buguo,tazoulucongbukaoguaizhang。wunaizhixia,dajiazhihaotongyirangtachediaoguaizhang。

  “yiqianwomengoutongyaoxiexin、dadianhua,xianzaifumuqinxuehuilewangluoshipin,waishengtedijitamenpeilediannao,jiaohuitamenruheshiyong。”jinchongshuo,1999nian,fumuqincengdaohelankanwangguotayici,ertayinweigongzuofanmang,yinianyenandehuiyitangwenzhou。

  zinvchangnianbuzaishenbian,zhaogulaorenchenglenanti。buguo,jinfeiqushihou,jinfeidesanweitongshijimiyou——linxianzhen、linshufenhehuanglielie,jingchanglaitanwanglaoren,shenzhiliantamendeqinpengyeduilaorenguanzhaoyoujia。“26nianfengyuwuzu,zhiyaowoyigedianhua,tamendouhuilimaganlai。”shaliyingshuo,sanrenzhongnianjizuidadelinxianzhenjinnianyi70sui。

  最后一次出远门是赴北京开会

  zuijinjinian,jinhuikaishipinfanhuiwenzhaogufumuqin。jutahuiyi,2006nian12yueshangxun,zhongguoyuyanwenxueyanjiuhuinianhuizaibeijingzhaokai,yeshijinjiangzuihouyicichuyuanmenchuxiwenhuahuodong。

  “dangshiwomenquanjiadoufanduifuqinchuyuanmen,dou80duosuiderenleya!”jinhuishuo,houlai,jinbuzhufuqindeguzhi,muqinzhihaodayingpeizouyitang。zaineijiehuiyishang,xinhuizhangzoumashangren,fuqindangxuanweimingyuhuizhang。houlai,fuqinduimuqinshuo,zhisuoyijianchiyaoqu,shiyaoduilaotongzhiyougejiaodai,jixintongzhiyigeqipan。

  cihou,jinjiangkaishizaiwenzhouguoqile“yinju”shenghuo:zaochen7dianqichuangchizaofan,ranhoukanbao,zhongwu11dianbanchizhongfan,ranhouwuxiu,xiawuchidianxin,wanshang6dianchiwanfan,kanhuierdianshi,9dianzhongzhunshijiuqin。

  “qunian11yue,fuqinkaishishenzhibuqing、wochuangbuqi,danyinshiqijuhaishiyangeanzhaoshijianbiao。”jinhuishuo。

  爱讲寓言、童话,他的课非常动听

  学生

  yuanwashixiaoxuexiaozhangyuyinliangshijinjiangdexuesheng。zaishangshiji50niandaimo,jinjiangzaiwenzhoushidierzhongxuejiaoyuwen。“biye50duonianle,jinlaoshishenmeshihoujiaolewo,jiaoleduojiudoubujidele,danlaoshideketebiedongting,zheidianyizhiwangbule。”yuyinliangshuo,zijishizaicunlishangdexiaoxue,xiaoshihouyebudaaixuexi,yuwendizicha。jinlaoshijiangkeshenruqianchu,zhishimiantebieguang,yixiajiudiaoqiletadeweikou。

  “laoshimeicilaishangke,chuandedouhenposu。tajiwomenjiangzuowen,youqiaijiangyuyan、tonghua,dangshibanjilihaojigetongxueshoutadeyingxiang,yexuezhexie。tagaizuowen,gaiwanlefaxialaidoushimimimamadehongsebiji,jiuliancuowudebiaodianfuhao,tayebufangguo。” yuyinlianghuiyishuo。

  “nishiliujindedajiang,nishilingjundeqizhi。nishiyutandetaidou,nishiwoyongyuandelaoshi。”zheishizhongguoyuyanwenxueyanjiuhuimingyufuhuizhangzhanghemingxiezaijinjiangliuyanbushangdehua。zhanghemingshuo,jinjiangshitagaozhongshideyuwenlaoshijianbanzhuren。

  “gangjinwenzhouerzhongshi,xianshengjiuxuanburangwodanrenbanganbu,tachangchangjiangwodezuowendangzuofanwentuijianjitongxue。womendeshishengqingyifeitongxunchang。jinjiangzheigebimingcengjingdaijitaxuduorongyu。1947nian,xianshengdediyibenshiji《shengmingdehuace》chubanle,zheishitawenxueshengyazhongfeichangzhidejiniandeyigelubiao。jide1955nian,wogangkaojinwenzhouerzhongshi,banshangcengyoutongxuezhenzangzhezheibenshiji,bingqiaoqiaonajiwokan,dengwokanwanhoutayouqiaoqiaoshouhuiqu,zhenguidezhipadiushile。youyinianhanjia,xianshengdalaoyuandaowodeguxiang——leqingdajinglaijiafang,wohelingyigetongxuemaqingyongjiupeitaquyandangshanyouwan。”zhangheminghuiyishuo。

  houlai,jinjiangbeicuowudidaishangle“youpai”demaozi。zhanghemingtingwenhou,jiucongzijihuoshifeizhongkouxiabufen,qushudianjinkenengduodimailejijiangbeifengcundeyuyanji。zaihoulaijinjianglixiaole,yinxinquanwu。zhidao“wenge”jieshuhou,zhanghemingcaidatingdaojinjiangyijinghuidaojiaoshuyurendegangweishang,zaishimushaliyingdegulixiazhongxinnaqibichuangzuo。

  为孩子建个寓言文学馆是他的愿望

  同事、友人

  shangshiji60niandaimo,yuanwashixiaoxuedangzhibushujizhouzhenjinghejinjiangshitongshi。zaitayanli,jinjiangdeyeyuaihaojiushixieyuyan,ailiaodehuatiyeraobukaita。houlai,jinjiangbeidiaorenhou,liangrendelianxiyejiujianshaole,zhidao2000nianzuoyou,jinjiangxiangbajialide1wanduocezangshujuanchulai,chengli“jinjiangyuyanwenxueguan”,jihaizimendajianyigeyuyanyuelanshi,haizhimingrangzhouzhenjingzuoguanzhang。jin2nianjian,liangrenweileyuyanwenxueguansichubenbo,xianhouhesiwujiaqiyeqiatan,danshizijinhexuanzhiwentirangzheigejihuachichibunengfuzhushishi。zhidaohoulai,jinjiangdeshentibaoyang,yejiumeiyouzaitichoubeiwenxueguandeshiyi。

  qunian11yue8ri,zhongguoyuyanwenxueyanjiuhuidiqicidaibiaodahuizaiwenzhoukaimu,huizhangfanfajiaxieyutu、zhoubingbing、zhangheming、yeshudengrenqianqutanwangjinjiang。

  dangshi,zhongrendailailexinchubande《zhongguodangdaiyuyanjinghuacongshu(quanyujuan)》。cijuanfeijinjiangzhubian,danweibiaodaduijinjiangyishengyuyanchuangzuoshiyedezunzhong,shudefengmianzhubianyilanhaishixieshanglejinjiangdedaming。

  “wozhizhetademingziwen:‘zheishisheia?’,tanashouzhichuolechuoziji。”shaliyingshuo,suiranzhishoululejinjiangdeyipianzuopin,dantarengranduixinshuaibushishou,yikouqifankanlelianggeduoxiaoshi。zaidangshizhongrenyujinjiangdeheyingli,xiaoshoudejinjiangbaochizhetongyigezishi:ditoukanshu,yifuwanquanbulitarendeyangzi。

  zhidaoxianzai,shaliyinghaijidedangshizaichangdeyeshushuodeyijuhua:“kanlaiyuyanshizhendeshendaojinjianglaoshidegusuilile。”yaozhidao,dangshidejinjiangyijingbutainenggourendeqingchulaopengyoule。zaizhongrenzouhoubudaoyizhoudeshijianli,jinjiangdebingqingehua,lianzuodouzuobuwen。

  悼念、评价

  对我们这代的影响超越了专业本身

  wangshou(wenzhoushiwenlianzhuxi、wenzhoushizuoxiezhuxi):wenzhouwentanyou“sanlao”——mahua、tangshi、jinjiang,tamenzaishishiyizhiyijingshenhezuopinyinlingwomen。congzhuanyedejiaodujiang,sanlaocongshidedoushiyijinggenggao、gengninglian、gengtongtoudemenlei,dantamenduiwomenzheiyidaideyingxiang,yiyuanyuanchaochulezhuanyebenshen。jinjianglaoshiwoyizhiyoujiaowang,tadezuopinwoyiqianyekan,yegentajiaoliuguo,keyizheimejiang,tadechuangzuozaizhongguoyuyanjiedoushiyoukaichuangyiyide。tashentihaodeshihouyechanglaiwodanweizuozuo,tadedasangmenheyinglangdexinggeshitadebiaozhi。zheixienian,tabingle,jiyishousun,danmeinianchunjiewoqukanta,tadouhainengrenchu“zheishiwangshou”。xiexiejinjiang,yiluzouhao。

  luodan(zhongguoyuyanwenxueyanjiuhuimingyufuhuizhang):jingxijinjiangenshixianshi,jinbiaochentongdaonian。jinjiangshibujinshiyutangaofeng,weizhongguoyuyanshiyejugongjincui,qiejijitixiehoujin。1994nianqiu,cengzaibeijinghuiyiqijian,yuwoshangtansheli“jinjiangyuyanwenxuejiang”shiyi,dongyuanwodaitoubaoming。zhuozuohuojianghou,qinziweiwotixiejiangzheng,binglingzengyitongpai……quanquanaixihoujinzhishenqing,lingwoshanranleixia。enshiqiangu!

  yangxiao(zhongguoyuyanwenxueyanjiuhuimingyufuhuizhang):jingwenjinjiangxianshengbuxingxianshi,shenganbeitong。jinjiangxianshengbishengweizhongguoyuyanwenxueshiyejiejinxinli,chuangzuoledaliangyuyanjingpinjiazuo,bingtixiepeiyanglewushuyuyanxinxiu,weiwoguoyuyanwenxueshiyedefazhanhefanrong,zuochulebukemomiedegongxian。jinjiangxianshengyuwoxiangshixiangjiaosanshiyunian,jishiwodezhiyou,youshiwodeliangshi。tadeshishi,shizhongguoyuyanwenxuejiedejudasunshi。

  个人简介

  jinjiang,yuanmingjinzhenhan,youmingjinluohua。1923niansheng,zhejiangwenzhouren。zhumingyuyanzuojia、ertongwenxuezuojia,zhongguozuojiaxiehuihuiyuan。

  1992nian,zhongguoyuyanwenxueyanjiuhui、zhejiangshengzuojiaxiehuihewenzhoushiwenlianlianhezaiwenzhoujuxing“jinjiangyuyanyantaohui”,laizibeijing、shanghai、hangzhou、lanzhoudengdide30yuweizuojia、xuezheyizhikendinglejinjiangdeyuyanchuangzuochengjiuheduizhongguodangdaiyuyandezhongdagongxian,chengtawei“zhongguodangdaiyuyandekaipianren”。

  金江创作的寓言《大轮船和小汽艇》、《乌鸦兄弟》、《白头翁的故事》先后被选入大、中、小学语文教材。1983年,寓言《狐狸和猴子》被上海美术电影制片厂改编成美术影片《过桥》。
 
 
 

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